INDIVIDUAL HERBS

Pharmaceutical Latin: Rhizoma Coptidis
Common English: Coptis Rhizome
Goldthread Root
Herbs that Clean Heat and Purge Fire: Herbs that Clear Heat and Dry Dampness
Taste
Temperature
Entering Meridians
Dosage
Bitter
(Astringent)
Cold
Heart
Large Intestine
Liver
Stomach
(Gallbladder)
(Spleen)
1.5-10g
Tincture: 0.25-3 ml
Actions Indications/Syndromes

Clears Heat and drains Dampness

Damp-Heat in the Stomach or Intestines with diarrhea or dysenteric disorder

Stomach Heat with vomiting and/or acid regurgitation

Drains Fire and resolves Fire toxicity

Heat with Blazing Fire (Toxic Heat) with high fever. irritability, disorientation, delirium, a red tongue and a rapid, full pulse

Heat from Excess with toxicity painful, red eyes and a sore throat

Boils, carbuncles and abscesses (Chuang Yung)

Clears Heat and stops bleeding

Blood Heat with epistaxis, hematuria, hemafecia and hemoptysis

Clears Heat topically

Infected wounds, red and painful eyes, ulcerations of the tongue and mouth (topical)

Clears Heart Fire (sedative)

Heart Fire

Lack of communication between the Heart and Kidneys

Drains Stomach Fire

Stomach Fire

CONTRAINDICATIONS
  • Contraindicated for those with Yang Deficiency.
  • Contraindicated for those with Cold.
  • Contraindicated for those with Qi and Blood Deficiency.
  • Contraindicated for those with nausea or vomiting due to Stomach Deficiency Cold.
  • Contraindicated for those with Insomnia and fright due to Blood Deficiency, yet appearing with restless Heat and thirst.
  • Contraindicated for those with diarrhea and abdominal pain.
  • Contraindicated for those with fever due to Blood Deficiency.
  • Contraindicated for children who have pox and sores with diarrhea due to Yang Deficiency.
  • Contraindicated for those with postpartum insomnia.
  • Contraindicated for those with Yin Deficiency leading to Internal Heat and restless irritability.
  • Use with caution for those with diarrhea due to Spleen or Kidney Deficiency.
  • Long term use can cause injury to the Spleen and Stomach.
  • Do not use if tongue coat is not thick, yellow, greasy and fully covering the tongue.
INCOMPATIBILITIES
  • Antagonizes Flos Chrysanthemi Ju Hua.
  • Antagonizes Rx. Scrophulariae Xuan Shen.
  • Antagonizes Cx. Dictamni Bai Xian Pi.
  • Antagonizes Bombyx Batryticatus Jiang Can.
  • Counteracts Flos Farfarae Kuan Dong Hua.
  • Counteracts Rx. Achyranthis Bidentatae Niu Xi.
  • Do not take with pork.
HERB/DRUG INTERACTIONS
  • This herb may have positive effect in treating cyclophosphamide-induced cystitis and preventing cyclophosphamide urotoxicity.

Cx. Fraxini
Qin Pi
Rx. Pulsatillae
Bai Tou Weng

Rx. Scutellariae
Huang Qin
Rx. Puerariae
Ge Gen
Rx. Glycyrrhizae
Gan Cao

Rx. Scutellariae
Huang Qin
Rx. Puerariae
Ge Gen

Damp-Heat dysenteric disorders.

External Heat with diarrhea or dysentery.

Dysenteric disorders with co-existing pathogens in the exterior.

Damp-Heat in the Middle Jiao with diarrhea or dysentery.

Rz. Pinelliae Preparatum
Zhi Ban Xia
Rz. Zingiberis
Gan Jiang

Rz. Pinelliae Preparatum
Zhi Ban Xia
Fr. Trichosanthis
Gua Lou

Rx. Scutellariae
Huang Qin
Fr. Gardeniae
Zhi Zi

Cold and Heat complexes in the Intestines and Stomach marked by focal distention, nausea, vomiting and feelings of oppression in the chest.

Phlegm-Heat clumping in the chest with feelings of oppression beneath the Heart with pain on palpation.

High fever, irritability, dry mouth and throat and dark urine due to Fire toxin in the three burners.

Fr. Evodiae
Wu Zhu Yu
(Rz. Cyperi)
(Xiang Fu)
(Rz. Corydalis)
(Yan Hu Suo)

Fr. Evodiae
Wu Zhu Yu
Rx. Paeoniae
Bai Shao

Hb. Asari
Xi Xin
(Fr. Gardeniae)
(Zhi Zi)

Epigastric and abdominal pain, acid regurgitation, ulcers, vomiting and epigastric upset due to Liver Fire or Stomach Heat.

Dysenteric disorder and abdominal pain.

Toothache, gum swelling, halitosis, dental disorders and tongue and mouth ulcerations due to Stomach Fire.

Swollen eyes and deafness.

Red eyes and photophobia due to Liver Fire.

Hb. Asari
Xi Xin
Gypsum Fibrosum
Shi Gao

Rz. Cimicifugae
Sheng Ma
Rx. Angelicae Dahuricae
Bai Zhi
(Rx. Rehmanniae)
(Sheng Di Huang)

Rx. Rehmanniae
Sheng Di Huang

Toothache, gum swelling, and tongue and mouth ulcerations due to Stomach Fire. (stronger effect)

Toothache due to Stomach Fire.

Insomnia and delirium due to unremitting Heat injuring the Ying level.

Rx. Rehmanniae
Sheng Di Huang
Rx. Trichosanthis
Tian Hua Fen

Caul. Bambusae in Taeniam
Zhu Ru

(Rz. Pinelliae Preparatum)
(Zhi Ban Xia)

Rz. Anemarrhenae
Zhi Mu

Wasting and thirsting disorder due to Excess Heat.

Stomach Fire with Excess hunger.

Nausea, vomiting, hiccup or dry retching due to Stomach Fire.

Vomiting of mucus or acid regurgitation due to Phlegm-Heat Obstructing the Stomach.

Gallbladder Fire and Phlegm-Heat Disturbing the Heart with palpitations, insomnia, irritability and a stifling sensation in the chest.

Blazing Stomach Fire with intense hunger, dry stools, dry, yellow tongue coat and a slippery rapid pulse.

Cx. Cinnamomi
Rou Gui

Fr. Gardeniae
Zhi Zi
Gypsum Fibrosum
Shi Gao

Rx. Scutellariae
Huang Qin
Colla Corii Asini
E Jiao

Insomnia with disturbing dreams, palpitations which are worse at night and irritability due to lack of communication between the Heart and Kidneys.

Ying Stage Heat with delirium and loss of consciousness.

Heart Fire with Blood Heat.

Rx. Scutellariae
Huang Qin
Rz. Pinelliae Preparatum
Zhi Ban Xia
Rz. Zingiberis
Gan Jiang

Rx. Scutellariae
Huang Qin
Flos Lonicerae
Jin Yin Hua
Fr. Forsythiae
Lian Qiao
Fr. Gardeniae
Zhi Zi

Rz. Pinelliae Preparatum
Zhi Ban Xia

Damp-Heat in the Middle Jiao.

Boils, carbuncles and furuncles.

Cold and Heat in the Middle Jiao with abdominal fullness, nausea and vomiting.

Rx. Aucklandiae
Mu Xiang

Rx. Aucklandiae
Mu Xiang
Sm. Arecae
Bing Lang

Colla Corii Asini
E Jiao

Dysenteric disorders due to Damp-Heat Obstructing the Intestines.

Hot dysenteric disorders with Qi Stagnation.

Damp-Heat in the Middle Jiao with intense tenesmus.

Heat toxin clumping in the Intestines, injuring the Blood collaterals causing Blood and pus in the stools especially during pregnancy or postpartum.

Colla Corii Asini
E Jiao
Rx. Paeoniae Alba
Bai Shao

Fr. Mume
Wu Mei

Rx. Scutellariae
Huang Qin

Insomnia and irritability due to overwhelming Heart Fire and Yin and Blood Deficiency.

Irritable Heat and fullness in the chest due to Yin Deficiency Fire attacking the Heart.

Internal Heat with thirst, Dryness, cough and irritability.

Seasonal epidemic dysenteric disorders with inability to eat

Drains pathogenic Heat from the Upper and Middle Jiaos for high fever, redness, swelling and pain of the head and face, dry mouth, parched throat, ulcerations of the mouth and tongue, epistaxis, rashes and irritability in warm-febrile disease.

Explosive diarrhea and dysentery with burning pain in the anus or fetid, filthy stools and abdominal pain.

Nausea in pregnancy with Heat disturbing the fetus.

Cx. Phellodendri
Huang Bai
Cx. Fraxini
Qin Pi
Rx. Pulsatillae
Bai Tou Weng

Endoconcha Sepiae
Hai Piao Xiao
Bul. Fritillariae Thunbergii
Zhe Bei Mu

Rx. Puerariae
Ge Gen

Diarrhea or dysentery with burning sensations in the anus.

Acid regurgitation.

Diarrhea in Exterior syndromes.

Bul. Allii Macrostemi
Xie Bai

Gypsum Fibrosum
Shi Gao

Rx. Trichosanthis
Tian Hua Fen
Rx. Anemarrhenae
Zhi Mu

Fr. Evodiae
Wu Zhu Yu
Rx. Bupleuri
Chai Hu
Rx. Paeoniae
Bai Shao

Diarrhea with bleeding.

Wasting and thirsting disorder (diabetes).

Liver Fire.

Concha Haliotidis
Shi Jue Ming
Sm. Cassiae
Jue Ming Zi
Rx. Gentianae
Long Dan Cao
Hb. Equiseti Hiemalis
Mu Zei
Faeces Vespertilionis
Ye Ming Sha

Cinnabaris
Zhu Sha
Rx. Rehmanniae
Sheng Di Huang

Rx. Scutellariae
Huang Qin
Rx. et Rz. Rhei
Da Huang

Red eyes due to Liver Yang Rising.

Insomnia and irritability due to Heart Fire.

Hematemesis and rectal bleeding due to Blood Heat.

Rz. Acori Tatarinowii
Shi Chang Pu
Concretio Bambusae Silicea
Tian Zhu Huang
Fr. Forsythiae
Lian Qiao
Rx. Rehmanniae
Sheng Di Huang

Rx. Scutellariae
Huang Qin
Rx. et Rz. Rhei
Da Huang
Fr. Forsythiae
Lian Qiao

 

Delirium.

Abscesses, lesions, carbuncles, furuncles, burns, swelling and inflammation due to toxic Heat.

 

  1. This is one of the coldest and most bitter, drying herbs in Chinese Medicine.
  2. It is primarily used for treating Liver and Heart Fire especially as it invades the Spleen/Stomach and Lungs.
  3. Its anti-bacterial properties make it useful in treating intestinal infections.
  4. Because of its extreme bitterness it is better used as an extract or in pill form.
  5. It is related to goldenseal.
  6. It is an especially broad-spectrum anti fungal.
  7. It is one of the best herbs for treating intestinal infections with bleeding.
  8. Used alone it can treat photophobia, blurred vision, spots in front of the eyes, night blindness, and acute conjunctivitis due to Liver Blood Deficiency and Liver Yang Rising.
  9. It can be used as an external wash for the eyes.
  10. It is said to cure ophthalmalgia due to pathogenic Heat.
  11. It has been shown to inhibit the growth of cancer cells.
  12. It is said to cure five kinds of impairment and seven kinds of trauma.
  13. It circulates Qi, relieves gastralgia, palpitations with fear and restlessness, moistens the Heart and Lungs, promotes meiopoiesis and stops hemorrhage.
  14. It is said to expel Blood Stagnation in the tongue.
  15. It is said to cure Qi and Blood Deficiency, weak Spleen and Stomach, Yin Deficiency and restlessness due to Internal Heat Accumulation. When treating these disorders, do not use with salt.
  16. When roasted, this herb works upward to the brain, eyes, mouth and tongue.
  17. When roasted with Ginger juice, it cures pyogenic swelling and infection, Summerheat, malignant infection, sores and ulcers.
  18. Japanese Coptis is used as a less expensive substitute.
  19. It can drain all Heat in the Heart, Spleen, Liver and Kidneys and all Fire in the Large Intestine, Small Intestines, Gallbladder and Stomach.
  20. Huang Lian, Fr. Evodiae Wu Zhu Yu, and Rz. Zingiberis Recens Sheng Jiang all alleviate nausea. Wu Zhu Yu warms the Liver treating nausea and acid regurgitation Liver Cold attacking the Stomach. Huang Lian clears Stomach Heat to treat nausea and vomiting of bile due to Damp-Heat in the Stomach and Sheng Jiang warms the Middle for vomiting of clear fluids due to Stomach Cold.
  21. Dry-fried Coptis Chao Huang Lian has its cold properties moderated to avoid injuring Spleen and Stomach Yang. it enters the Blood to cool Blood Heat and resolve toxicity.
  22. Ginger Coptis Jiang Huang Lian has its cooling action focused on the Middle Jiao, where it cools Stomach Fire and Heat, alleviating nausea and descending rebellious Qi.
  23. Wine-fried Coptis Jiu Huang Lian reaches the head and eyes and cools Upper Jiao Fire to treat pain of the eyes, ears, or tongue and mouth ulcers due to pathogenic Fire or Heat.
  24. Evodia Coptis Yu Huang Lian is focused on clearing Damp-Heat at the Qi Level with diarrhea and nausea or Liver Stomach Disharmony causing Liver Fire with acid regurgitation, belching or nausea.
  25. Salt-water Fried Coptis Yan Shui Chao Huang Lian is less dry and focused on the Lower Jiao, clearing Fire to protect Kidney water.
  26. Charred Coptis Huang Lian Tan enters the Blood Level where it cools Heat, cools the Blood, stops bleeding and alleviates dysenteric disorders. It is used for Blood Heat causing hemorrhage, and for pus in the stool due to Damp-Heat in the Large Intestine.
  27. Frying with pig bile enhances its effectiveness in sedating Liver and Gallbladder Fire.