Pharmaceutical Latin: Herba Cirsii
Herba Cephalanoplos
Common English: Small Thistle
Field Thistle
Herbs that Regulate the Blood: Herbs that Stop Bleeding (Hemostatics)
Taste Temperature Entering Meridians Dosage
Fresh: up to 60g
Tincture: 2-5ml
Actions Indications/Syndromes

Cools the Blood and stops bleeding

Any kind of bleeding due to Blood Heat

Disperses Blood Stasis, resolves toxicity, reduces swelling and reduces abscesses

Sores and abscesses due to Heat toxin (internal and topical)

Clears Damp-Heat and promotes urination

Damp-Heat jaundice, hepatitis

Promotes the function of the Gall Bladder and reduces hypertension Hypertension
  • Contraindicated for those with no symptoms of Stagnation.
  • Use caution for those with loose stools or diarrhea fro Spleen and Stomach Deficiency Cold.

Rz. Imperatae
Bai Mao Gen

Hb. Cirsii Japonici
Da Ji

Pollen Typhae
Pu Huang

Bleeding due to Blood Heat, especially hematuria due to Heat.

Hematuria due to Blood Heat.

Heat induced hemorrhages.

Bloody Lin.

Hb. Cirsii Japonici
Da Ji

Cacumen Platycladi
Ce Bai Ye
Rz. Imperatae
Bai Mao Gen
Rx. Rubiae
Qian Cao Gen

Nodus Nelumbo Rhizomatis (fresh juice)
Ou Jie
Fr. Arctii
Niu Bang Zi
Rx. Rehmanniae
Sheng Di Huang
Light Colored Honey
Feng Mi

Rz. Imperatae
Bai Mao Gen
Nodus Nelumbo Rhizomatis (fresh juice)

Ou Jie

Hematemesis and hemoptysis. (char both Xiao Ji and Da Ji)

Use the fresh juice of Xiao Ji, for Heart Fire with hematemesis and thirst.

Deficiency Heat with Blood in the sputum.

Rx. Rehmanniae
Sheng Di Huang
Hua Shi
Fr. Gardeniae
Zhi Zi
Hb. Lophatheri
Dan Zhu Ye

Rz. Atractylodis Macrocephalae
Bai Zhu
Rx. Rehmanniae (fresh juice)
Sheng Di Huang

Hb. Leonuri
Yi Mu Cao

Hematuria with dysuria.


Post-abortion bleeding.

Ru Xiang
Ming Fan
Grain Based Liquor

Hb. Artemisiae Scopariae
Yin Chen Hao
Rz. Polygoni Cuspidati
Hu Zhang


Itch and rash.



  1. Both Xiao Ji and Hb. Sive Rx. Cirsii Japonici Da Ji drive downward and guide out Stasis. Xiao Ji is not as strong as Da Ji and has very little sore-reducing effect. it can stop bleeding and reduce Heat. Its ability to break up Stasis to facilitate water movement is superior to that of Da Ji and is primarily used to promote urination. Da Ji treats swollen abscesses, breaks up Stasis and disperses toxicity. These two herbs are often used together.
  2. This herb is especially used for hematuria.
  3. It can be used alone for hematuria with dysuria.
  4. Use the fresh juice for bleeding of the tongue due to Heart Fire.
  5. Warmed fresh juice can be used for hemorrhoidal or rectal bleeding.
  6. One source says that this herb nourishes Jing.
  7. This herb has been shown to inhibit the growth of cancer cells.
  8. One source says that this herb clears Heat, and improves appetite and deficiency.
  9. the leaves are said to eliminate abdominal hemostasis.
  10. For glossorrhagia, pound with wine and take orally.
  11. Young fresh sprouts of Xiao Ji can be made into a paste and applied topically to treat bleeding from knife wounds.
  12. The powder can be mixed with water and applied topically for abscesses and swellings.
  13. Xiao Ji, Rx. Rubiae Qian Cao Gen, and Hb. sive Rx. Cirsii Japonici Da Ji all enter the Blood to cool Heat, stop bleeding and dispel Blood Stasis. Qian Cao Gen is used more in gynecology to treat vaginal bleeding due to Heat and also enters the Lungs to treat cough due to Liver Fire Attacking the Lungs. Xiao Ji facilitates urination and treats Bloody Lin. Da Ji disperses clumps and reduces sores, especially when fresh.
  14. Fresh Small Thistle Root Xian Xiao Ji Gen is best for cooling Blood, stopping bleeding and moistening Dryness. It can be taken internally for cooling Heat, moistening Dryness and stopping or applied topically for sores, scalding and burns.
  15. Charred Small Thistle Root Xiao Ji Tan is less cool and best for stopping bleeding.