INDIVIDUAL HERBS

Pharmaceutical Latin: Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae
Common English: (Aged) Tangerine Peel
Ripe Tangerine Rind
Orange Peel
Citrus
Herbs that Regulate Qi (Carminatives)
Taste Temperature Entering Meridians Dosage
Acrid
Bitter
Aromatic
Warm
Lung
Spleen
Stomach
3-9g
Tincture: 1-4ml
Essential Oil: 2-3 drops in a gel cap topped with olive oil
Actions Indications/Syndromes

Regulates Qi, adjusts the Middle and relieves the diaphragm

Spleen/Stomach Qi Stagnation with epigastric or abdominal distention, fullness, bloating, belching, nausea and vomiting

Dries Dampness and transforms Phlegm

Phlegm-Damp Obstructs the Lung with coughing, a stifling sensation in the chest and/or diaphragm and copious, viscous sputum

Turbid Damp Obstructs the Middle with a stifling sensation in the chest, abdominal distention, anorexia, fatigue, loose stools and a thick, greasy tongue coat

Helps prevent Stagnation from tonic herbs

Tonic herbs causing Stagnation

Descends Qi

Qi Rebellion

CONTRAINDICATIONS
  • Contraindicated for those with a dry cough due to Yin or Qi Deficiency.
  • Contraindicated for those with Stomach Fire causing nausea and vomiting.
  • Do not use with herbs that are warm, hot, aromatic or drying.
  • Use caution for those with Heat from Excess (when the tongue is red).
  • Use caution for those with Hot Phlegm, Dry Heat coughs, or spitting of Blood.
  • Use caution for those with Fluid Deficiency.
  • Long-term use can injure Yuan Qi.
  • Contraindicated for those with spasmodic abdominal pain.
  • Contraindicated for those with no Damp-Phlegm symptoms.
INCOMPATIBILITIES
HERB/DRUG INTERACTIONS

Fr. Aurantii
Zhi Ke
(Fr. Aurantii Immaturus)
(Zhi Shi)
Rx. Aucklandiae
Mu Xiang

Cx. Magnoliae
Hou Po
Rz. Atractylodis
Cang Zhu

Rz. Zingiberis Recens
Sheng Jiang

Abdominal distention, fullness and pain. (Spleen and Stomach Qi Stagnation)

Epigastric and abdominal fullness and distention, acid regurgitation, fatigue, loose stools and other symptoms associated with Damp-Cold Stagnating in the Spleen and Stomach.

Vomiting and hiccups due to Disharmony of the Stomach Qi.

Cold-Dampness Obstructing the Middle with nausea and hiccup.

Caul. Bambusae in Taeniam
Zhu Ru
Rz. Coptidis
Huang Lian

Per. Citri Reticulatae Viride
Qing Pi

Rz. Atractylodis Macrocephalae
Bai Zhu
Rx. Saposhnikoviae
Fang Feng
(Rx. Paeoniae Alba)
(Bai Shao)

Vomiting due to Phlegm-Heat.

Flank pain and chest and abdominal distention due to Liver Qi Stagnation.

Borborygmus, abdominal pain, and diarrhea due to Liver Attacking the Spleen.

Rz. Pinelliae Preparata
Zhi
Ban Xia

Rz. Pinelliae Preparata
Zhi Ban Xia
Poria
Fu Ling
Cx. Magnoliae
Hou Po

Rz. Atractylodis Macrocephalae
Bai Zhu

A stifling sensation in the chest and coughing with excessive white, viscous sputum due to Phlegm-Damp Obstruction.

Enhances the Phlegm transforming, Spleen strengthening properties.

Anorexia and other symptoms of Damp Obstruction due to Spleen Deficiency.

Fr. Amomi
Sha Ren

Qi Tonics

Rz. Zingiberis Recens
Sheng Jiang
Caul. Bambusae in Taeniam
Zhu Ru
Rz. Pinelliae Preparata
Zhi
Ban Xia

Dampness obstructing the Spleen's transforming and transporting functions with reduced intake of food and diarrhea.

Belching, nausea and a stifling sensation in the epigastrium due to Disharmony of the Stomach Qi.

Vomiting of unadulterated, or scanty but viscous fluids.

Assists digestion of greasy tonic herbs.

Prevents the side-effects of bloating which sometimes accompanies these herbs.

Nausea and vomiting due to rebellious Stomach Qi.

Rz. Coptidis
Huang Lian

Fr. Toosendan
Chuan Lian Zi

Rx. Linderae
Wu Yao
Rz. Alpiniae Officinarum
Gao Liang Jiang

Rz. Atractylodis
Cang Zhu

Poria
Fu Ling

Nausea, vomiting and epigastric fullness and distention due to Stomach Heat.

Nausea, vomiting and epigastric fullness and distention due to Stomach Cold.

A thick white tongue coat with no desire to drink.

Rx. Codonopsis
Dang Shen
Rz. Atractylodis Macrocephalae
Bai Zhu
Massa Medicata Fermentata
Shen Qu
Fr. Crataegi
Shan Zha
Fr. Hordei Germinatus
Mai Ya
Rx. Glycyrrhizae Preparata
Zhi Gan Cao

Rz. Pinelliae Preparata
Zhi
Ban Xia
Poria
Fu Ling

 

Indigestion.

Coughing due to accumulation of Dampness and Phlegm.

 
  1. This herb promotes the movement of Qi in general while specifically directing it downward and is therefore used in treating many types of nausea and vomiting.
  2. This is an important Qi level herb of both the Spleen and Lung channels and is especially important for disorders involving both channels.
  3. This herb is used with tonic herbs to prevent their cloying nature from causing Stagnation.
  4. This is a tangerine peel that has been aged (the older, the better).
  5. This herb is used when there is excessive Phlegm and/or a stifling sensation in the chest, and belching.
  6. The peel drives Qi downward to promote the movement of Phlegm, the flesh of the fruit generates Phlegm and clusters Qi.
  7. Ju Pi moves Qi, disperses knots, and stops pain. It is used for hernia pain and testicular pain.
  8. Ju Luo De-obstructs collaterals and transforms Phlegm. It is used for Phlegm congestion and cough with chest and rib pain.
  9. Chen Pi has a more harmonious nature than Per. Citri Reticulatae Viride Qing Pi and tends to enter the Qi level of the Spleen and Lungs. its actions are more vertical and is therefore used for coughing and vomiting. Qing Pi has scattering and unblocking properties that are relatively harsh and it is primarily used for breaking up Qi Stagnation. Its actions are primarily horizontal and it is therefore used more for pain.
  10. Dry-fried Aged Tangerine Peel Chao Chen Pi has a moderated acrid nature but an enhanced warm, strengthening quality.
  11. Charred Aged Tangerine Peel Chen Pi Tan does not regulate Qi but reduces Food Stagnation, harmonizes the Stomach and stops bleeding.
  12. Tangerine Albedo, Exocarpium Citri Reticulatae Album Ju Bai is less drying and better at harmonizing the middle Jiao Qi and transforming Dampness. It is used to tonify the Spleen and Stomach when drying properties are not needed.
  13. Tangerine Pip, Semen Citri Reticulatae Ju He is bitter, neutral, promotes the movement of Qi, dissipates clumps and stops pain. It is used for bulging disorders, testicular swelling and pain and breast clumps. Other sources say that it is bitter, warm and descends Qi, to enter the Kidney and Bladder channels to eliminate Cold diseases. At present it is commonly used for bulging disorders such as hernias, it is also used internally and externally for acute mastitis.
  14. Tangerine Pith, Vascular Citri Reticulatae Ju Luo is sweet, bitter and neutral, disseminates the flow in the channels and collaterals, promotes the movement of Qi, and transforms Phlegm. It is used for Phlegm stagnating in the channels and collaterals with cough and chest and flank pain. It is especially effective for distention in the vessels of the Lung due to rebellion of protective Qi.
  15. Tangerine Leaf, Folium Citri Reticulatae Ju Ye is acrid, bitter and neutral. It is used to dredge the Liver and promote the proper movement of Qi, while reducing swellings and dispersing clumps. It is used for hypochondriac pain, breast abscesses, breast lumps and abdominal masses. The dosage is 6-9g.
  16. Exocarpium Citri Reticulatae Rubrum Ju Hong is acrid, bitter, warm and enters the Lung and Stomach. It is more drying and aromatic than Chen Pi, but less effective at harmonizing the Middle and regulating the Spleen and Stomach. It is primarily used for vomiting and belching and for treating Phlegm-Damp coughs. Its dosage is 3-9g.
  17. Pomelo Flavedo (Huazho Pomelo Rind) Exocarpium Citri Grandis Rubrum Hua Ju Hong is acrid, bitter, warm and enters the Lung, Spleen and Stomach. It regulates the Qi, expands the chest, dries Dampness, transforms Phlegm and reduces Food Stagnation. It is used for cough with profuse sputum and Food Stagnation or accumulation as long as there is no significant Heat. It is not indicated for those with Qi Deficiency or dry Phlegm with Yin Deficiency. Its dosage is 3-6g.