Pharmaceutical Latin: Rhizoma Cibotii
Common English: Chain Fern Rhizome
Pakoe Kidang
Dogspine Root
East Asian Tree Fern Rhizome
Scythian Lamb Rhizome
Herbs that Tonify the Yang
Taste Temperature Entering Meridians Dosage
Tincture: 2-4ml
Actions Indications/Syndromes

Tonifies the Liver and Kidneys and strengthens the sinews and bones

Liver and Kidney Deficiency with stiffness, soreness or weakness in the lower back, spine and lower extremities

Expels Wind-Dampness and relieves Bi syndrome

Wind-Damp Bi with pain, soreness or numbness

Especially useful for those with Wind-Cold-Dampness with underlying Liver and Kidney Deficiency (chronic Bi)

Warms and stabilizes the Kidneys and prevents leakage

Urinary incontinence, spermatorrhea and vaginal discharge due to Kidney Yang Deficiency

Swelling of the legs after an illness

  • Contraindicated for those with difficult urination due to Heat or Yin Deficiency.
  • Contraindicated for those with Fire from constraint.
  • Use caution for those with dysuria.

Cx. Eucommiae
Du Zhong
Rx. Achyranthis Bidentatae
Niu Xi

Rx. Angelicae Sinensis
Dang Gui

Sm. Cuscutae
Tu Si Zi

Liver and Kidney Yang Deficiency causing weak legs and pain, stiffness and motor impairment of the low back.

Long term disease leading to lower extremity swelling.

Kidney disorders with Wind-Damp Bi manifesting as low back and knee pain.

Ram. Cinnamomi
Gui Zhi
Rx. Gentianae Macrophyllae
Qin Jiao

Fr. Chaenomelis
Mu Gua
Cx. Acanthopanacis
Wu Jia Pi

Cornu Cervi Pantotrichum
Lu Rong

Wind-Damp-Bi causing low back pain.

Frequent urination and low back pain.

Deficiency Cold of the Chong and Ren channels causing vaginal discharge.

Cx. Eucommiae
Du Zhong
Rx. Dipsaci
Xu Duan
Rx. Rehmanniae Preparata
Shu Di Huang

Cx. Eucommiae
Du Zhong
Rx. Dipsaci
Xu Duan
Caul. Piperis Kadsurae
Hai Feng Teng
Rx. Gentianae Macrophyllae
Qin Jiao
Rx. Angelicae Pubescentis
Du Huo

Cx. Eucommiae
Du Zhong
Cx. Acanthopanacis
Wu Jia Pi
Fr. Chaenomelis
Mu Gua

Back pain.

Chronic low back pain with Wind-Cold-Damp.

Urinary incontinence or continual dripping.

Sm. Cuscutae
Tu Si Zi
Fr. Schisandrae
Wu Wei Zi
Ootheca Mantidis
Sang Piao Xiao

Rx. Ampelopsis
Bai Lian
Fol. Artemisiae Argyi
Ai Ye
Rz. Atractylodis Macrocephalae
Bai Zhu
Cornu Cervi Pantotrichum
Lu Rong
Flos Celosiae Cristatae
Ji Guan Hua
Warm Liquor


Frequent urination.

Profuse clear vaginal discharge.


  1. This herb is primarily used for low back and lower extremity pain.
  2. It governs stiffness in the upper and lower back.
  3. It greatly benefits the elderly.
  4. Both Gou Ji and HB. Epimedii Yin Yang Huo enter the Liver and Kidney channels to strengthen tendons and bones and expel Wind-Damp Bi. Gou Ji more powerfully expels Wind-Damp and strengthens tendons and bones while Yin Yang Huo more powerfully tonifies the Ming Men and treats impotence.
  5. Gou Ji, Rx. Morindae Officinalis Ba Ji Tian and Cx. Eucommiae Du Zhong all tonify the Liver and Kidneys to strengthen tendons and expel Wind-Dampness. Du Zhong warms the Qi Level of the Liver and Kidneys without being overly drying and is noted for its ability to quiet the fetus. It is best at treating low back and knee pain due to Liver and Kidney Deficiencies. Ba Ji Tian is soft, moist and warm. It is best at treating low back and knee pain due to Wind-Dampness associated with Kidney Yang Deficiency, infertility, irregular menstruation and abdominal pain due to Cold in the Womb. Gou Ji combines the actions of the other two. It tonifies the Liver and Kidneys, and expels pathogenic Wind, Cold and Dampness. It is stronger at expelling than tonifying and can treat low back and knee pain due to Wind, Cold or Dampness, or pain due to Liver and Kidney Deficiencies.
  6. Both Gou Ji and Rz. Drynariae Gu Sui Bu tonify the Liver and Kidney sand strengthen the tendons and bones to treat soreness and pain in the lower back and knees and weakness in the sinews and bones due to Liver and Kidney Deficiency. Gou Ji is sweet and warm with a stronger ability to tonify the bones and spine and expel Wind-Dampness.
  7.  Gu Sui Bu is bitter and warm with a stronger ability to invigorate Blood and stop pain. It can also direct downward to  treat tinnitus and toothache due to floating Yang.
  8. Processed Cibotum Zhi Gou Ji is less bitter and drying and a better ability to augment Qi and Blood. it tonifies Liver and Kidneys, strengthens sinews and bones and facilitates the movement of joints and is appropriate for lower back, knee and leg weakness due to Liver and Kidney Deficiencies.
  9. Dry-fried Cibotum Chao Gou Ji is stronger at dispelling Wind and dampness.