Pharmaceutical Latin: Pheretima
Common English: Earthworm
Substances that Extinguish Wind and Stop Tremors
Taste Temperature Entering Meridians Dosage
Actions Indications/Syndromes

Drains Heat, settles convulsions, extinguishes Wind and stops spasms

Extreme Heat generating Wind with loss of consciousness, incoherent speech, convulsions and seizures

It can be used alone

It has recently been used to treat schizophrenia of the hot-manic type

Clears Heat and unblocks and promotes movement in the channels and collaterals

Hot or Cold Bi (with appropriate herbs) with swollen, painful joints and a reduced range of motion

Hemiplegia due to lack of flow in the channels such as the sequelae of Wind-Stroke

Clears Heat and calms wheezing

Wheezing due to Lung Heat (can be taken alone as a powder, in capsules or decocted with sugar as a syrup)

Clears Heat and promotes urination

Hot, painful urinary dysfunction, edema (severe cases), ascites and jaundice

Especially useful for Heat clumping in the Bladder with urinary difficulty or inability to urinate (can be used alone)

Anchors Liver Yang and lowers Blood pressure

Hypertension due to Liver Yang Rising

Promotes healing topically

Acute parotitis, chronic ulcers of the lower limbs, burns, boils or carbuncles (powder, mix with sugar and apply topically)
  • Do not use for Shang Han conditions except for Yang Ming Heat with restlessness.
  • Do not use for Warm pathogen disease without high fever.
  • Do not use for Spleen and Stomach weakness and Deficiency.
  • Use with caution during pregnancy.

Ram. cum Uncis Uncariae
Gou Teng
Bombyx Batryticatus
Bai Jiang Can

Rx. Stephaniae Tetrandrae
Han Fang Ji
Rx. Gentianae Macrophyllae
Qin Jiao
Caul. Lonicerae
Ren Dong Teng

Rx. Aconiti Preparata
Zhi Chuan Wu

Rx. Aconiti Kusnezoffi Preparata
Zhi Cao Wu
Ru Xiang

Infantile and adult convulsions and seizures associated with high fevers.

Heat Bi Syndrome.

Cold Bi.

Rx. Aconiti Preparata
Zhi Chuan Wu

Rz. Arisaematis Preparatum
Zhi Tian Nan Xing

Ram. Mori
Sang Zhi
Ramus Lonicerae
Ren Dong Teng
Rx. Paeoniae Rubra
Chi Shao
(Caul. Trachelospermi)
(Luo Shi Teng)

Rx. Astragali
Huang Qi
Rx. Angelicae Sinensis
Dang Gui
Rz. Chuanxiong
Chuan Xiong
(Flos Carthami)
(Hong Hua)

Wind-Damp Bi.

Red, swollen, painful joints associated with Heat Bi.

Hemiplegia or hemiparesis following Wind-Stroke.

Quan Xie
Rx. Paeoniae Rubra
Chi Shao
Rx. Achyranthis Bidentatae
Niu Xi

Hb. Ephedrae
Ma Huang
Sm. Armeniacae
Xing Ren
Rx. Scutellariae
Huang Qin

Endoconcha Sepiae
Hai Piao Xiao
Silicea Concretio Bambusae
Tian Zhu Huang


Wheezing and coughing due to Lung Heat.

Powder to take with other decoctions to treat coughing and wheezing.

Rx. Achyranthis Bidentatae
Niu Xi
Sm. Abutili/Malvae
Dong Kui Zi
Hb. Lysimachiae
Jin Qian Cao

Sm. Plantaginis
Che Qian Zi
Caul. Akebiae
Mu Tong
Fr. Malvae/Abutili
Dong Kui Zi

Rx. Angelicae Sinensis
Dang Gui
Cx. Cinnamomi
Rou Gui

Hot, painful urinary dysfunction with stones or edema.

Lin Syndrome with hesitant, painful urination.

Trauma induced pain of the lower back and legs.

Rx. Scutellariae
Huang Qin
Concha Haliotidis
Shi Jue Ming


Rz. Gastrodiae
Tian Ma
Concha Haliotidis
Shi Jue Ming
Sp. Prunellae
Xia Ku Cao

Rx. Salviae Miltiorrhizae
Dan Shen
Ci Shi

Zhu Sha


Hypertension associated with Liver Yang Rising.

Convulsions. (grind into a powder and serve as pills)

Ram. cum Uncis Uncariae
Gou Teng
Gypsum Fibrosum
Shi Gao
Quan Xie
Rz. Paridis
Chong Lou

Gypsum Fibrosum
Shi Gao
Rz. Anemarrhenae

Zhi Mu
Sm. Armeniacae
Xing Ren

Extremitas Rx. Angelicae Sinensis
Dang Gui Wei
Lignum Sappan
Su Mu
Sm. Persicae
Tao Ren
Sanguis Draconis
Xue Jie

Seizures, twitching, spasms or meningitis with unremitting fever.


Lung Heat with dyspnea and coughing.

Bone fractures with swelling and pain

Hb. Lysimachiae
Jin Qian Cao

Hb. Lygodii
Hai Jin Sha

Fr. Chaenomelis
Mu Gua
Rx. Stephaniae Tetrandrae
Han Fang Ji
Sm. Arecae
Bing Lang


Urinary stones.

Edema of the lower extremities.


  1. This herb can be used alone to stop spasms.
  2. This herb treats spasms and convulsions due to Heat due to its ability to open and penetrate and is effective for wheezing and Bi pain.
  3. It can be used for whooping cough or bronchial spasms with Phlegm.
  4. This herb treats abdominal masses.
  5. It inhibits the growth of cancer cells.
  6. It has been shown to treat Colon and Liver cancers.
  7. It treats swelling and nasal polyps.
  8. It treats high fever due to External Wind Invasion.
  9. Some sources say that this herb calms the Shen, stabilizes fright and suppresses astonishment.
  10. Fresh Pheretima Xian Di Long is ground with sugar and applied topically to treat burns, chronic ulcerations of the lower limb or mumps.
  11. Fresh Pheretima Xian Di Long is ground with sugar and water is used to treat schizophrenia or mania with high fever.
  12. Both Di Long and Arisaema cum Bile Dan Nan Xing settle jitteriness and convulsion, treat restlessness and convulsions due to high fever, cough and wheezing due to Fire and Heat in the Lungs and impaired limb movement as a sequela of Wind-Stroke or hemiplegia. Di Long more strongly clears Heat and calms the Liver, is used to treat asthma and dyspnea of bronchiolitis and tends to unblock the collaterals. It mainly treats paralysis. Dan Nan Xing more strongly expels Wind, transforms Phlegm , settles convulsions and is more frequently used for spasmodic cough and wheezing due to hot Phlegm blocking the Lungs as in childhood pneumonia or acute bronchitis. It also tends to expel Wind and transform Phlegm and is used for Phlegm-Heat causing loss of consciousness in Wind-Stroke.
  13. Wine-fried Earthworm Jiu Chao Di Long is more easily pulverized.