Pharmaceutical Latin: Fructus Piperis Longi
Common English: Long Pepper Fruit
Herbs that Warm the Interior and Expel Cold
Taste Temperature Entering Meridians Dosage
Large Intestine
Tincture: 0.5-1ml
Actions Indications/Syndromes

Warms the Middle Jiao, disperses Cold from the Stomach and Intestines, Descends Qi and stops pain

Cold congealing and leading to Qi Stagnation in the epigastrium and abdomen with nausea, vomiting, hiccups, belching, acid regurgitation, loss of appetite and abdominal pain

Stomach Cold

Treats toothache (topical)

As a powder for toothache

  • Contraindicated for those with Yin Deficiency with Heat signs.
  • Contraindicated for those with Excess Heat.

Rz. Alpiniae Officinarum
Gao Liang Jiang
Rz. Zingiberis Preparatum
Pao Jiang

Rz. Alpiniae Officinarum
Gao Liang Jiang
Rz. Zingiberis Preparatum
Pao Jiang
Rx. Codonopsis
Dang Shen
Rz. Atractylodis Macrocephalae
Huang Qi

Fr. Chebulae
He Zi
Rz. Zingiberis
Gan Jiang
Cx. Cinnamomi
Rou Gui

Vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal pain due to Stomach Cold

Deficiency and weakness of the Spleen and Stomach

Chronic diarrhea due to Deficiency Cold

Su He Xian
An Xi Xiang

Lignum Santali Alba
Tan Xiang
Bing Pian
Hb. Asari
Xi Xin

Fr. Piperis
Hu Jiao

Severe attacks of Cold-Dampness and turbid Phlegm

Angina pectoris

As a powder for toothache

Cx. Cinnamomi
Rou Gui
Rz. Alpiniae Officinarum
Gao Liang Jiang
Rz. Zingiberis Preparatum
Pao Jiang

Rx. Ginseng
Ren Shen
Rz. Atractylodis Macrocephalae
Bai Zhu

Rz. Pinelliae Preparatum
Zhi Ban Sha
Rz. Zingiberis Recens
Sheng Jiang

Cold in the Spleen and Stomach

Spleen and Stomach Deficiency

Nausea and vomiting due to Cold Phlegm in the Spleen and Stomach

Rx. Aucklandiae
Mu Xiang
Cx. Magnoliae Officinalis
Hou Po



Epigastric and abdominal fullness and distention



  1. A large dose of this herb can be used for pain associated with malignancies.
  2. This herb is used as an antidote for food poisoning.
  3. This herb is most appropriate for nausea and vomiting from Cold in the Stomach and Intestinal pain.
  4. It can be used alone or combined with other herbs that warm the Stomach and move Qi such as Cx. Magnoliae Officinalis Hou Po, Rx. Aucklandiae Mu Xiang and Rz. Alpiniae Officinarum Gao Liang Jiang.
  5. One source says that it warms the Middle, descends Qi, tonifies the lower back and feet, kills meaty odor, digests food, expels Stomach Cold and treats bulging disorders and ensconced lumps.
  6. Both Bi Ba and Fr. Litseae Bi Cheng Qie warm the Middle and disperse Cold to treat Middle Jiao Deficiency Cold. Bi Cheng Qie is warm, quite acrid, and more powerfully disperses to warm the Spleen and Stomach and eliminate Qi Stagnation. It is best for dispersing Cold, alleviating pain, and descending Qi. It is most appropriate for Qi Stagnation causing chest, epigastric and abdominal pain or for nausea, vomiting and hiccup due to Stomach Cold. Bi Ba is very Hot with a powerful ability to disperse Cold that has sunk deeply into the Middle Jiao and is most appropriate for Deficiency Cold of the Stomach and Intestines causing abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting.