Pharmaceutical Latin: Fructus Piperis
Common English: Pepper
Black Pepper
Herbs that Warm the Interior and Expel Cold
Taste Temperature Entering Meridians Dosage
Large Intestine
1.5-4.5g crush before using
May use up to 30g
Pills and Powders: 0.5-1g
Actions Indications/Syndromes

Warms the Middle Jiao and disperses Cold and relieves pain

Stomach Cold with vomiting, diarrhea and abdominal pain

  • Contraindicated for those with Yin Deficiency with Heat signs.
  • Contraindicated for those with bleeding disorders.
  • Contraindicated for those with hemorrhoids.
  • Contraindicated for those with throat, mouth, teeth or eye problems.
  • Contraindicated during pregnancy.

Rz. Alpiniae Officinarum
Gao Liang Jiang

Rz. Zingiberis Recens
Sheng Jiang
Rz. Pinelliae Preparatum
Zhi Ban Xia

Vomiting, diarrhea and abdominal pain due to Stomach Cold.

Severe vomiting due to Stomach Cold.


  1. This herb Warms the Middle, descends Qi when Cold causes vomiting of clear fluid, reduces Food Stagnation or Phlegm Accumulation due to Cold or over consumption of cold raw foods and alleviates diarrhea due to Cold in the Large Intestine.
  2. A large dose of this herb can be used for pain associated with malignancies.
  3. This herb is used as an antidote for food poisoning.
  4. The powder can be applied to the umbilicus to warm the Middle Jiao or topically for toothache.
  5. Hu Jiao is hotter than Per. Zanthoxyli Chuan Jiao. It is effective whenever the Fire is debilitated and Cold enters, Phlegm or Food stagnate internally, there is diarrhea or Cold dysenteric disorder or Stomach Cold causes vomiting of water.