- Cervicitis is an inflammation of the cervix, the lower, narrow end of the uterus that opens into the vagina.
Possible symptoms of cervicitis include bleeding between menstrual periods, pain with intercourse or during a cervical exam, and abnormal vaginal discharge. However, it's also possible to have cervicitis and not experience any signs or symptoms.
Often, cervicitis results from a sexually transmitted infection, such as chlamydia or gonorrhea. Cervicitis can develop from noninfectious causes, too. Successful treatment of cervicitis involves treating the underlying cause of the inflammation.
Most often, cervicitis causes no signs and symptoms, and you may only learn you have the condition after a pelvic exam performed by a doctor for another reason. If you do have signs and symptoms, they may include:
- Large amounts of unusual vaginal discharge
- Frequent, painful urination
- Pain during intercourse
- Bleeding between menstrual periods
- Vaginal bleeding after intercourse, not associated with a menstrual period