Pharmaceutical Latin: Squama Manitis
Common English: Pangolin Scales
Anteater Scales
Obsolete Substances: Herbs that Regulate Blood; Herbs that Invigorate Blood
Taste Temperature Entering Meridians Dosage
(Slightly Toxic)
( Lung)
Decoctions: 3-10g
Pills and Powders: 1-1.5g
Tincture: 2-4ml
Actions Indications/Syndromes

Invigorates the Blood, dispels Blood Stasis, unblocks menstruation and promotes lactation

Blood Stasis with amenorrhea or dysmenorrhea and insufficient lactation

Reduces swelling and promotes the discharge of pus

Toxic swellings such as abscesses and boils

Use topically for healing suppurative lesions

Expels Wind-Dampness from the channels

Wind-Damp Bi pain, stiffness or spasms of the limbs or pain that prevents lifting or bending

  • Contraindicated during pregnancy.
  • Contraindicated for those with Qi and Blood Deficiency.
  • Contraindicated when sores have already ulcerated.
  • Do not use too long.

Rx. Astragali
Huang Qi

Sm. Vaccariae
Wang Bu Liu Xing

Rz. Sparganii
San Leng
Rz. Curcumae
E Zhu

Insufficient lactation.

Amenorrhea, dysmenorrhea and mobile and fixed abdominal masses and accumulations.

Insufficient lactation or lack of lactation.


Palpable abdominal masses that are immovable.

Hb. Taraxaci
Pu Gong Ying

Sp. Gleditsiae
Zao Jiao Ci

Rx. Angelicae Sinensis
Dang Gui
Rx. Ligustici Chuanxiong
Chuan Xiong
Rz. seu Rx. Notopterygii
Qiang Huo
Rx. Saposhnikoviae
Fang Feng


Rx. Angelicae Sinensis
Dang Gui
Rx. Ligustici Chuanxiong
Chuan Xiong
Rz. seu Rx. Notopterygii
Qiang Huo
Rx. Angelicae Pubescentis
Du Huo

Inflammatory lesions of the skin that have not yet pustulated.

Suppurative, inflamed skin lesions that have pustulated but remain closed.

Wind-Damp-Bi pain with joint swelling.

Sm. Zizyphi Spinosae
Suan Zao Ren
Rx. Rehmanniae
Sheng Di Huang

Flos Carthami
Hong Hua
Rx. Angelicae Sinensis
Dang Gui
Rz. Chuanxiong
Chuan Xiong

Rx. Astragali
Huang Qi
Sp. Gleditsiae
Zao Jiao Ci
Rx. Angelicae Sinensis
Dang Gui

Insomnia and debility.

Amenorrhea due to Blood Stasis.

Sores with pus.

Rx. Angelicae Dahuricae
Bai Zhi
Hb. Taraxaci
Pu Gong Ying
Hb. Violae
Zi Hua Di

Rx. Scrophulariae
Xuan Shen
Bul. Fritillariae Thunbergii
Zhe Bei Mu
Sp. Prunellae
Xia Ku Cao


Sores without pus.

Scrofula or goiter due to Qi and Phlegm Stagnation.


  1. This is a protected species, whose scales can only be obtained by killing the animal. Recommended substitutions are: to pierce and promote perforation of sores; Spina Gleditsiae Zao Jiao Ci, to promote the movement of Blood and promote lactation; Sm. Vaccariae Wang Bu Liu Xing; and to reduce abdominal masses; Eupolyphaga/Steleophaga Tu Bie Chong or Concha Arcae Wa Leng Zi. Although it can dissolve unformed pus, it is better for suppurative sores (topically).
  2. It is used primarily for painful non-ulcerated abscess and joint swelling.
  3. Some sources say that this herb resolves Phlegm, moves Qi and stops bleeding topically and is used to treat wounds.
  4. It is said to treat scabies and leprosy.
  5. One source says it promotes Blood circulation by diminishing Qi Stagnation.
  6. When used to treat sores, if pus has formed, it can cause perforation, if pus has not formed, it can eliminate the sores. To stop bleeding, sprinkle the powder directly on the lesion and dress with pressure.
  7. This herb has been shown to inhibit the growth of cancer cells.
  8. This substance has recently been shown to increase white blood cells.
  9. It is said that this herb, with its stinking smell, which enables it to scurry through the whole body, can activate the viscera, penetrate the channels and collaterals, reach joints and apertures and clear away Blood Stasis.
  10. It is said to treat furuncles and carbuncles with instant results.
  11. It is also effective in treating abdominal masses, paralysis, difficult urination and defecation and abdominal pain.
  12. To promote lactation, use with Sm. Vaccariae Wang Bu Liu Xing.
  13. Both Chuan Shan Jia and Spina Gleditsiae Zao Jiao Ci break up clumping and Stasis. Zao Jiao Ci is acrid and warm which gives it a strong dispersing and unblocking action. It has a sharp piercing ability to treat swollen toxic sores, especially dissolving unformed pus and promoting the healing of suppurated lesions. It is stronger that Chuan Shan Jia but does not promote lactation.
  14. Dry-fried Pangolin Scales Chao Shan Jia are less smelly and easier to break up.
  15. Vinegar Pangolin Scales Cu Shan Jia enter the Liver channel with an enhanced ability to disperse Stasis, unblock the collaterals and stop pain.