Also Known As:
Pharmaceutical Latin
Pin Yin
Rx. Codonopsis Dang Shen 12g Tonifies the Middle Jiao, augments Qi, tonifies the Lungs, nourishes the Blood and promotes the generation of Body Fluids.
Rz. Ligustici Gao Ben 12g Expels Wind and Cold, dispels Wind-Dampness and alleviates pain.
Caul. Akebiae Mu Tong 12g Promotes urination and unblocks painful urinary dysfunction.
Rx. Scutellariae Huang Qin 12g Clears Heat, dries Dampness, drains Fire and detoxifies.
With Bai Shao, for dysenteric disorders with abdominal pain due to Heat entering the Interior.
Rx. Paeoniae Alba Bai Shao 15g Nourishes Blood, astringes Yin and adjusts the Ying and Wei, calms Liver Yang and Liver Wind and alleviates pain.
Bul. Fritillariae Cirrhosae Chuan Bei Mu 9g Clears Heat, transforms Phlegm, stops cough, nourishes and moistens the Lung and dissipates nodules.
With Lian Qiao, releases constrained toxins.
Flos Chrysanthemi Ju Hua 9g Disperses Wind, clears Heat, calms the Liver, clears the eyes, calms the Liver Yang, extinguishes Wind and detoxifies.
Fr. Forsythiae Lian Qiao 9g Clears Heat (especially in the Upper Jiao), relieves toxicity, reduces abscesses and dissipates clumps.
  • Expels Wind
  • Clears Heat
  • Calms the Liver
  • Detoxifies
  • Reduces abscesses
  • Wind-Heat
  • Toxic Heat with Phlegm
  • Epistaxis, usually a small amount of Blood (initial stage)
  • Nasal obstruction (early stage)
  • Tumor in the nose
  • Tinnitus
  • Deafness
  • Masses of the neck
  • Vernet's syndrome
  • Platoplegia
  • Asymmetry of the palate
  • Disappearance of the mouth opening
  • Migraines
  • Dysphagia
  • Choking sensation while drinking
  • Hoarseness
  • Exophthalmos
  • Blindness
  • Usually asymptomatic at the early stage
  • The tumor may appear as a cauliflower-like nodule or ulceration on the nasopharynx or as membrane erosion of abnormal color
  • If the tumor infiltrates to the submucosal layer, the surface of the membrane will be smooth and the nasopharynx will be depressed
  • Cranial nerve involvement is reflected by:
    Paralysis of the eyeball
    Facial hypothesia or hypoalgesia
    Difficulty opening the mouth
    Inclination of the tongue when it protrudes
    Paralysis of the soft palate
    Disappearance of the gullet response
  • Nasopharyngeal cancer