Clinical Manifestations
  • Thrombophlebitis is an inflammatory process that causes a blood clot to form and block one or more veins, usually in the legs. The affected vein might be near the surface of the skin (superficial thrombophlebitis) or deep within a muscle (deep vein thrombosis, or DVT). Causes include trauma, surgery or prolonged inactivity.

    Superficial thrombophlebitis signs and symptoms include:
    Warmth, tenderness and pain in the affected area
    Redness and swelling
    Deep vein thrombosis signs and symptoms include:

    When a vein close to the surface of the skin is affected, one might see a red, hard cord just under the surface of the skin that is tender to the touch. When a deep vein in the leg is affected, the leg may become swollen, tender and painful.

    Early and middle (dystrophic) stages:
    Cold in the affected limbs
    Intermittent limping
    End (necrotic) stage:
    Sloughing ulcers

Treatment Principle
Herb Formulas
Clinical Manifestations
  • Fatigue
  • Loose stools
  • Poor appetite
  • Dizziness
  • Pale face
  • Weak voice
  • Shortness of breath
  • Reluctance to speak
  • Sweating with little or no exertion
  • Palpitations
  • Insomnia
  • Dry skin
  • Dry hair
  • Poor memory
  • Paleness
  • Scanty periods
  • T: Pale or Pale, thin and dry
  • C: Thin and white
  • P: Weak or Thin and choppy
Treatment Principle
  • Tonify Qi
  • Nourish the Blood
Herb Formulas
Clinical Manifestations
  • Localized painful swellings without a head that bleed into the surrounding tissues and do not affect the color or texture of the skin
  • The swellings are not hot to the touch
  • No thirst
  • Swollen and painful joints
  • Wasting of the muscles of the thigh and calf
  • T: Very pale or Pale-pink
  • C: White
  • P: Thready and forceless or Deep and slow
Treatment Principle
  • Warm Yang
  • Tonify the Blood
  • Disperse Cold
  • Eliminate Stagnation
Herb Formulas
Clinical Manifestations
  • Pain that is fixed, stabbing and /or severe
  • Pain is worse with pressure
  • Dark complexion
  • Fixed, palpable masses
  • Bleeding with clots
  • Purple lips
  • Purple nails
  • Dry skin
  • Blue, dark or purplish discoloration of skin in small or large areas
  • Varicose and spider veins
  • Cold hands and feet
  • Tendency to hemorrhage dark blood or clots
  • T: Purple, possible purple or red spots
    Red purple if there is Heat
    Blue purple if there is Cold
  • C: White
  • P: Choppy or Wiry and choppy
Treatment Principle
  • Invigorate the Blood
  • Break up Stagnation
Herb Formulas
Clinical Manifestations
  • Firmness and distention in the lower abdomen which is painful and gives resistance on pressure
  • Smooth urination
  • Manic behavior
  • Forgetfulness
  • Black stools that are easy to expel
  • Delayed menstruation
  • Amenorrhea
  • Irregular menstruation
  • Coagulated blood
  • Thirst
  • Dry mouth
  • Polyuria
  • Liver spots indicating stagnant blood found on the face, lips, tongue, limbs and finger nails
  • T: Purplish
  • C: Normal
  • P: Deep, slow and irregular
Treatment Principle
  • Break up and dispels Blood Stasis
  • Clear Heat
Herb Formulas
Clinical Manifestations
  • Abdominal pain aggravated by Cold
  • Urinary difficulty
  • Deep, aching heaviness in the extremities
  • Generalized edema
  • Loose stools
  • Dizziness
  • Heavy sensation in the head
  • Palpitations
  • Cough
  • Epigastric palpitations
  • Aversion to Cold
  • Watery diarrhea
  • No thirst
  • Leukorrhea
  • Hiccup
  • Profuse perspiration
  • Cold limbs
  • Headaches
  • A husky voice
  • Hair loss
  • Asthma
  • Generalized twitching
  • Tidal flushing of the genitals by Dampness
  • Water buildup leading to hernia
  • Impotence
  • Prone to infections
  • Prone to allergies
  • Prone to Wind erysipelas
  • Diarrhea
  • Constipation
  • Chest pain
  • Mental and emotional disorders
  • Light-headedness
  • Nasal obstruction with clear mucus
  • Impaired visual acuity
  • Prone to dormant papules
  • A sensation of something being stuck in the throat
  • Incessant sneezing
  • Swelling and pain of the teeth or gums
  • Feeling of unsteadiness as if one were about to fall
  • Distended or heavy sensation of the head
  • Gradual weight gain
  • Dyspnea
  • Abdominal distention and fullness
  • Pitting edema
  • Scanty urination or
  • Frequent, clear, abundant urination at night
  • Chills
  • Weak knees
  • Seminal emissions
  • Flaccid abdomen
  • Muscular aching
  • Chronic lower back pain
  • Nausea
  • Cyclic vomiting
  • Fever, perspiration does not reduce fever
  • Vertigo
  • Impaired memory
  • Shivering and trembling
  • Catches cold easily
  • Severe fatigue
  • Aches and pains in the body or extremities
  • Flank pain
  • Wheezing
  • T: Pale or Dark purple and swollen with teeth marks
  • C: White and slippery
  • P: Deep, thready and forceless or Deep and thready
Treatment Principle
  • Disperse Cold
  • Eliminate Dampness
  • Unblock the channels
  • Alleviate pain
Herb Formulas
Clinical Manifestations
  • Pain, swelling and obvious tenderness in the superficial veins along the limbs or the thoracoepigastric walls
  • Aching of the body
  • Preference for cold drinks
  • Dizziness
  • Tinnitus or deafness
  • Poor memory
  • Aching, soreness or weakness of the low back
  • Spermatorrhea or
  • Premature ejaculation
  • Aching in the bones
  • Aching in the leg and heel
  • Dry mouth
  • Thirst
  • Night sweats
  • Five Sole Heat
  • Malar flush
  • Low grade fever in the afternoon
  • Dry throat, maybe recurrent sore throat
  • Dry stools and/or
  • Constipation
  • Urine short and red
  • Heightened libido
  • T: Red
  • C: Little or None or Yellowish
  • P: Thready and rapid or Wiry and thready or Slippery and thready
Treatment Principle
  • Clear Heat
  • Resolve toxicity
  • Nourish Yin
Herb Formulas
Clinical Manifestations
  • Local redness
  • Swelling and pain
  • Maybe fever and chills
  • T: Normal
  • C: Thin white or yellow
  • P: Rapid and forceful
Treatment Principle
  • Clear Heat
  • Eliminate toxins
  • Reduce swelling
  • Soften hardness
  • Invigorate Blood circulation
  • Stop pain
Herb Formulas