Pharmaceutical Latin: Fructus Perillae
Common English: Perilla Fruit
Perilla Seed
Herbs that Transform Phlegm and Stop Coughing: Herbs that Relieve Cough and Wheezing (Anti-Asthmatics)
Taste Temperature Entering Meridians Dosage
Large Intestine
Tincture: 2-4ml
Actions Indications/Syndromes

Stops coughing, calms wheezing, descends Qi and dissolves Phlegm

Coughing and wheezing with copious Phlegm due to Phlegm accumulation

Especially useful when exhalation is more labored than inhalation with a stifling sensation in the chest

Moistens the Intestines and unblocks the stool

Constipation due to dry Intestines

  • Contraindicated for those with severe diarrhea from Qi Deficiency.
  • Contraindicated for those with cough and asthma due to Qi and Yin Deficiency.
  • Contraindicated for those with long-term cough.
  • Contraindicated for those with Yin Deficiency wheezing and rebellious Qi.

Sm. Sinapis
Bai Jie Zi
Sm. Raphani
Lai Fu Zi

Sm. Lepidii/Descurainiae
Ting Li Zi

Bul. Fritillariae Thunbergii
Zhe Bei Mu

Wheezing from Phlegm and thin mucus leading to Qi Stagnation, focal distention in the chest, anorexia and indigestion.

Accumulation of Phlegm and thin mucus leading to Lung Qi Stagnation and blockage with coughing and wheezing which is worse when lying down, edema of the tissues of the face and head, stifling fullness and discomfort in the chest and reduction in the flow of urine.

Do not use lightly, for mild disorders or for everyday use.

Cease using once the desired effect is achieved.

Coughing and wheezing with copious, viscous sputum due to Phlegm Damp Obstruction.

Rz. Pinelliae Preparatum
Zhi Ban Xia
Rx. and Rz. Cynanchi Stauntonii
Bai Qian

Rz. Pinelliae Preparatum
Zhi Ban Xia
Cx. Magnoliae Officinalis
Hou Po
Rx. Peucedani
Qian Hu

Sm. Cannabis
Huo Ma Ren
Sm. Trichosanthis
Gua Lou Ren

Coughing and wheezing due to Rebellious Qi and Phlegm.

Coughing and wheezing due to Rebellious Qi and Phlegm.

Constipation due to dry Intestines.

Rebellious Qi cough.

Sm. Cannabis
Huo Ma Ren
Rice Congee

Sm. Armeniacae
Xing Ren

Moistens the Intestines and unblocks the bowels.

Coughing and wheezing with constipation.


  1. Some sources say that this herb relieves anxiety.
  2. The leaf, Fol. Perillae Zi Su Ye, releases the exterior. The stem, Ramulus Perillae Su Geng, expands the chest. The lower part treats morning sickness during pregnancy; and the fruit Zi Su Zi, descends Qi.
  3. This herb is used more for asthma in weaker individuals.
  4. It is good for Cold-induced coughs.
  5. Zi Su Zi, Caulis Perillae Zi Su Geng, and Fol. Perillae Zi Su Ye are all Qi regulating herbs, however each addresses different symptoms. Zi Su Ye is light and lifting, harmonizes the Middle, stops nausea and is used for expelling External Wind-Cold by dispersing and smoothing Lung Qi, dispersing and unblocking the muscle layer and exterior, draining Wind and transforming the pathogen. Zi Su Geng unbinds the Middle Jiao Qi and relieves obstruction in the chest and diaphragm to open and drain Internal Q, relieve clumping, stop pain, descend Qi, calm wheezing, unbind the Stomach, awaken the Spleen and treat Leg Qi. Fr. Perillae Zi Su Zi is slippery, easing and goes straight down, descending Qi, reducing Phlegm, alleviating cough and moistening the Lungs.
  6. Both Zi Su Zi and Sm. Sinapis Bai Jie Zi treat cough and dyspnea form Cold-Phlegm. Zi Su Zi is best at descending rebellious Qi, settling wheezing and, dispersing Phlegm and treats the cough and acute wheezing due to Cold-Phlegm. Bai Jie Zi has an intensely drying nature, mobilizes the channels and collaterals and is best at promoting the flow of Qi and drying Phlegm.
  7. Dry-fried Perilla Fruit Chao Zi Su Zi is much less moistening to concentrate on descending Qi, expelling Phlegm, and relieving cough and wheezing. This is the most commonly used form. The raw fruit is only used for moistening the Intestines and treating cough.
  8. Prepared Perilla Fruit Zhi Zi Su Zi is better at moistening the Lungs and Large Intestine and relieving cough and wheezing especially in Yin Deficiency patients with constipation.