Pharmaceutical Latin: Radix Notoginseng
Radix Pseudoginseng
Common English: Notoginseng Root
Pseudoginseng Root
Herbs that Regulate Blood: Herbs that Stop Bleeding (Hemostatics)
Taste Temperature Entering Meridians Dosage
Slightly Bitter
(Large Intestine)
Decoction: 2-10g
Pills and Powders:1-3g up to 3 times/day
Sever Bleeding: 3-6g up to 3 times/day
Tincture: 1-4ml
Actions Indications/Syndromes

Stops bleeding and transforms Blood Stasis

Internal and external bleeding including hematemesis, epistaxis, hematochezia, metrorrhagia, bloody dysentery, menorrhagia, and hematuria, dizziness, pain

Reduces swelling, alleviates pain and removes extravasated Blood

Traumatic injury with swelling and pain, including falls, fractures, contusions and sprains, stab wounds, pain, dizziness and post-natal Blood retention

Invigorates the Blood

Chest and abdominal pain and joint pain due to Blood Stasis

Sores, carbuncles and snake and animal bites, conjunctivitis


  • Contraindicated for those with no Stasis.
  • Contraindicated for those with Blood Deficiency.
  • Contraindicated for those with hemoptysis or epistaxis due to Blood Heat.
  • Use with caution during pregnancy.
  • Use caution with Yin Deficiency.
  • Use with caution for patients taking anticoagulants such as heparin, warfarin (Coumadin) and enoxaparin (Lovenox) or antiplatelet drugs such as aspirin, dipyridamole (Persantine) and clopidogrel (Plavix) as concurrent use may have an additive or synergistic effect.

Rz. Bletillae
Bai Ji

Calcined Ophicalcitum
Duan Hua Rui Shi
Crinis Carbonisatus
Xue Yu Tan

Rz. Imperatae
Bai Mao Gen
Rx. et Rz. Rhei
Da Huang
Fossilia Ossis Mastodi
Long Gu

Hematemesis, hemoptysis, epistaxis and hematuria.

Bleeding from injury to the Lung collaterals.

Bleeding in the Stomach.

Hematemesis, epistaxis, excessive uterine bleeding, hemafecia and hematuria.

Heat searing the collaterals of the Lungs manifesting as chest pain and hacking cough viscous sputum streaked with dark, purplish Blood.

Four Substance Decoction
Si Wu Tang

Resina Daemonoropis
Xue Jie
Ru Xiang
Mo Yao

Calcined Fossilia Ossis Mastodi
Duan Long Gu
Galla Chinensis
Wu Bei Zi

Irregular uterine bleeding due to Blood Stasis with Blood Deficiency.

Profuse postpartum or menstrual bleeding.

With warm wine for bleeding from stab wounds internally and topically.

As a poultice for trauma-induced bleeding.

Ru Xiang
Mo Yao

She Xiang
Bing Pian

Rz. Cyperi
Xiang Fu
Rx. Glycyrrhizae
Gan Cao

Ru Xiang
Mo Yao

Er Cha

Internally as a pill for bruising, swelling, inflammation and pain due to Blood Stasis from traumatic injury.

Generalized muscle pain due to ligament and muscle injuries.

Topically for ulcerated sores.

Sm. Cassiae
Jue Ming Zi

Resina Daemonoropis
Xue Jie
Mo Yao
Ru Xiang
Er Cha

Hua Rui Shi
Crinis Carbonisatus
Xue Yu Tan

High cholesterol.

External injuries with sores, lesions and ulcerations.

Epistaxis, hemoptysis, hematemesis or hematuria.

Rx. Codonopsis
Dan Shen
Rz. Dioscoreae
Shan Yao
Rx. Rehmanniae
Sheng Di Huang
Rz. Anemarrhenae
Zhi Mu

Fossilia Ossis Mastodi
Long Gu

Concha Ostreae
Mu Li
Fr. Corni
Shan Zhu Yu

Grain-Based Liquor

Qi Deficiency caused by profuse hematemesis.

Chronic hemoptysis and hematemesis.


General external injuries.

Early-stage External injuries with no complications. (or as a powder)

Rx. Aconiti Kusnezoffii
Zhi Cao Wu
Rx. Paeoniae Rubra
Chi Shao
Flos Carthami
Hong Hua

Fossilia Ossis Mastodi
Long Gu

Resina Daemonoropis
Xue Jie
Mo Yao
Ru Xiang
Lignum Dalbergiae Odoriferae
Jiang Xiang

Rx. Salviae Miltiorrhizae
Dan Shen
Rx. Ilicis Pubescentis
Mao Dong Qing

External injuries with severe bruises and pain.

External bleeding due to cuts.





Topically for External injuries with suppuration.



  1. This herb is widely used because it can stop bleeding without Stagnation.
  2. This is the number one herb for traumatic injury.
  3. Flos Pseudoginseng San Qi Hua is sweet, cool, calms the Liver and lowers blood pressure. It is used for hypertension and sore throat.
  4. This herb stops bleeding then resolves blood clots.
  5. This herb is sold raw as Tienchi powder.
  6. Some sources say that this herb tonifies Blood.
  7. It can be used alone for epistaxis, hematemesis and uterine bleeding.
  8. It can be used alone for External bleeding with pus and ulceration or open sores with suppuration.
  9. Apply the powder topically for External injuries with open cuts.
  10. For a wound caused by sharp metal objects, apply the powder directly to the wound and it will stop bleeding immediately.
  11. Apply the powder to swellings and ruptured swellings to relieve the swelling and pain.
  12. Use with Blood cooling herbs if bleeding is caused by Heat.
  13. This herb has anti-cancer properties and is used in many anti-cancer formulas.
  14. Use with Yin tonics if there is dry mouth due to Yin Deficiency.
  15. Recently this herb has been used to treat any type of infection, not just infected wounds.
  16. It has also recently been used to treat coronary Blood Deficiency leading to angina.
  17. Both San Qi and Ophicalcitum Hua Rui Shi stop bleeding without causing Stasis and transform Blood Stasis without injuring newly generated Blood and both can be used internally and externally. San Qi is bitter, warm, stops bleeding, reduces swelling, alleviates pain and treats all types of bleeding. Hua Rui Shi is sour, astringent, neutral and primarily transforms Blood Stasis so that Blood can return to its normal channels. It mainly treats hematemesis and epistaxis and is applied topically for wounds.
  18. San Qi and Crinis Carbonisatus Xue Yu Tan both stop bleeding, reduce Blood Stasis and treat all types of bleeding. San Qi is stronger at stopping bleeding, reducing swelling and alleviating pain. Xue Yu Tan is less able to stop bleeding but can facilitate urination, generate flesh and assist in the healing of sores.
  19. Cooked Notoginseng Shu San Qi is less able to stop bleeding and transform Stasis but is better at tonification and is used for weak patients with Qi and Blood Deficiency.
  20. Hb. seu Rx. Gynura Segentum Ju Ye San Qi disperses Blood Stagnation, stops bleeding, eliminates toxins and reduces swelling. It is sweet, slightly bitter and neutral. It is used Internally and topically for epistaxis, hematemesis, traumatic injuries with bleeding and bruising, sores, swelling and breast abscesses. Its dosage is 1.5 to 3g of powder given one to three times daily. The powder can be used in decoction. The fresh herb can be applied topically as a paste. It is contraindicated during pregnancy.
  21. Hb. seu Rx. Sedum Aizoom Jing Tian San Qi stops bleeding, disperses Stagnation, nourishes Blood and calms the Shen. It is sweet, sour and neutral and treats epistaxis, hemoptysis, hematemesis, hematuria, hematochezia, profuse menstrual bleeding, purpura, palpitations, insomnia, restlessness and neurosis. It can also be used topically for External bleeding from trauma. The dosage is 15 to 30g for the aerial part and 6 to 10g for the root.